General – Adolf Friedrich Schiel

General Adolf Friedrich Schiel
Adolf Friedrich Schiel. He was born in Frankfurt Germany on 19 December 1858.After his training the German cavalry and artillery he landed at Durban in 1879. After working on a farm in Northern Natal, he became assistant to the border commandant and Native commissioner of the Transvaal Republic in 1881, in the territory bordering on Zululand and Swaziland. With a handful of constables he kept raiding parties and troublemakers in check. He was also secretary to the Comitee van Bestuur ter regeling van zaken in Zululand (1884) and later, with the consent of the Boer leaders, was appointed secretary to the paramount chief Dinizulu.
Schiel negotiated an agreement between Dinizulu and the trader Adolf Luderitz, who wanted to buy St. Lucia Bay and adjoining territory.
This was against the interests of the New Republic (with Vryheid as capital), which insisted on Schiels arrest.
Schiel travelled to Germany, where his discussions with Bismarck on possible German interest in the east coast of Zululand came to nothing.
Britain was quick in taking action and in 1884 St. Lucia Bay was annexed.On his return, Schiel became an officer-instructor in the Transvaal State Artillery and in 1889 Native Commissioner for the Northern Transvaal.   In 1893 he accepted an administrative post in the State Artillery.   In 1894/95 Schiel acted as commanding officer of a military unit which subjected the chief Malaboch as well as chiefs such as Mapieta, Magoeba and Modjadje, and restored peace in the norther portion of the Transvaal.
Schiel became friends with influential people, including Comdt.-Gen. Piet Joubert, with the result that he was appointed Commanding
Officer of the German Volunteer Corps which was raised at the beginning of the Second Anglo-Boer War.
In the battle of Elandslaagte (21 Oct. 1899) Schiel was wounded, captured and sent to St. Helena.  For trying to escape by a Dutch ship which touched at Jamestown, he was locked up to High Knoll Fort.After the war, lecturing in Germany, he pleaded for support of the Boers, and completed his autobiography work, 23 Jahre Sturm und Sonnenschein in Sudafrika (1902).   He died as a result of his wounds.
Died Bad Reichenhall, Germany 08/08/1903.
In his book, ‘The Boer Fight for Freedom’, Michael Davitt says that Schiel’s “services to the Transvaal army have been greatly exaggerated.” This statement is hardly fair on Schiel as well as all the other foreigners who joined in the fray and remained in the field to the bitter end. Schiel, in fact, had an outstanding record of public service in the Transvaal and even played an important part in various operations as a lieutenant in the Rijdende Artillerie en Polisiekorps, long before the outbreak of the South African War. He also took part in the Malaboch Campaign of 1894. Whatever motivated them, the Germans, as well as the many other foreigners who took up arms for the Boer cause, should be praised, for they kept high the honour of their nations in the fight between Boer and Briton